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Home » News » Utility info » Viaggiare nel Futuro - 2

Viaggiare nel Futuro - 2


MEZZI di TRASPORTO del FUTURO MEAN of  TRANSPORTS in  the FUTURE

Serbatoi idrogeno tramite le nanotecnologie

Uno dei principali problemi dell'idrogeno deriva dalla complessità di stivaggio dell'elemento in serbatoi sicuri e a bassa pressione. Una caratteristica che rallenta il lancio commerciale su scala delle automobili con motore a idrogeno. Quasi tutti i laboratori di ricerca delle case automobilistiche e delle università perseguono la realizzazione di un sistema tecnologico adeguato a superare questo handicap. Uno di questi si trova a Trapani (fonte AGI 24/03/2008) presso la base locale dell'Agenzia Spaziale italiana a Milo. Nel laboratorio si sperimenterà lo stivaggio dell'idrogeno mediante l'ausilio delle nanotecnologie e di nanotubi in carbonio, al fine di produrre un prototipo utile per la futura produzione di automobili a idrogeno.

AUTO all'IDROGENO 

 

COMPANIES

STRATEGY

PLANS

DaimlerChrysler, Ballard Power Systems, and Ford Motor

Partnering to commercialize fuel cells, fuel processors and electric drives. Ballard is focusing on cutting the costs of fuel cells, while DaimlerChrysler and Ford are demonstrating integrated vehicles running on compressed hydrogen, liquid hydrogen and methanol.

Scheduled to demonstrate 30-40 vehicles in California between 2001 and 2003. Designing models for limited production in 2004.

GM and Toyota

Partnering on electric cars. Both companies, leaders in battery and gasoline-electric hybrid technologies, have developed fully functional fuel cell concept cars, fuel cells and hydrogen storage systems.

Expect to have fuel cell cars ready for commercialization by 2004. Ongoing investment in gasoline fuel processors.

Honda

Bullish about its ultra-clean internal combustion technology, but also investing in fuel cells. Honda has built fuel cell concept cars with Ballard stacks and proprietary stacks, but equipment occupies rear passenger space.

Plans to have a package of technologies ready for commercializing fuel cell cars by 2003, but hasn't announced production plans yet.

Nissan

Adapted its battery-powered station wagon to carry Ballard fuel cells and a methanol processor, but equipment occupies rear passenger space.

Next prototype to stow equipment under the floor. Could produce fuel cell cars as early as 2003.

BMW, International Fuel Cells, and Delphi Automotive Systems

Partnering to replace batteries with fuel cell auxiliary power units (APUs) in combustion- powered cars.

Plans to commercialize fuel cell APUs by 2005.

Looking into the future, Kopf imagines a world in which electricity from renewable sources such as wind and solar cells generates hydrogen from water the reverse of the fuel cell process to power a fleet of fuel cell vehicles.
You could make a fuel system and vehicle that produces zero greenhouse gases and zero tailpipe emissions a hydrogen-oxygen-water cycle that is sustainable forever. That's the ultimate goal.

One might expect that kind of talk to unnerve the leaders at DaimlerChrysler, who recently announced a crash program to cut $2 billion from operations to quell shareholder anxiety over declining share prices and weak returns. But Ebner says DaimlerChrysler chairman Juergen Schrempp is personally protecting the fuel cell program's $1 billion line of credit as a “pipeline to the future. Schrempp's vision sounds even more messianic than Kopf's.

In a recent speech to the World Engineers Convention, the engineer-turned-business leader implored engineers around the world to throw down their projects and jump on the fuel cell bandwagon. Schrempp's rationale ?
Ensuring that future generations are not overwhelmed by global climate change and economic dislocations from declining oil supplies. We all share the responsibility for carrying out this project, for the assumption of responsibility is part of the dignity of human beings.

Freelance writer Peter Fairley is a former editor of Chemical Week magazine. He lives in Toronto

By VGP




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